Aniela Oberfeld was born in 1900 as a daughter of Rudolf (1859-1933) and Franciszka nee Bersztajn (born 1875). Her father was a well-known lawyer and educational activist in Płock, her mother a pedagogue and a social activist. The Oberfeld family lived in a tenement house at the former Dobrzyńska Street (currently Kazimierza Wielkiego) at number 5. Aniela Oberfeld graduated from the Faculty of Electrical Engineering at the Warsaw University of Technology. In accordance with the Parliament Act on Academic Schools of July 13, 1920, the Electrical Faculty Board at its meeting on February 10, 1927, at the request of the Examination Commission, granted her the degree of electrical engineer. Before the outbreak of World War II, Aniela Oberfeld worked at the Czech Skoda factory in Warsaw. During the Warsaw Uprising she was deported to Opoczno.