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The Medical Society of Płock

The Medical Society of Płock

The Jews of Płock, apart from creating their own social organizations, took an active part in the activities of many others operating in the town. An example may be the Medical Society of Płock, where doctors of Jewish origin were involved, many of whom were […]

Light of Remembrance in the windows of Płock

Light of Remembrance in the windows of Płock

27 January 2021 marks the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. On this day, following the annual call of the Shalom Foundation, we encourage everyone in Płock to light candles in our windows on 6 p.m. as a sign of remembrance of all victims of the Holocaust. […]

Mieczysław Themerson

Mieczysław Themerson

Chaim Mendel aka Mieczysław Themerson (1871–1930) – doctor of medicine from Płock, writer and journalist was born on October 8, 1871, as the son of the turner Rubin and Chaja Tauba Themerson. Chaim Mendel graduated from the Płock Governorate Middle High School, and then the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Warsaw. After graduation, he ran a private medical practice at Grodzka Street. Chaim Mendel’s wife was Sara Liba vel Salomea née Smulewicz (born 1879), with whom he had three children: a daughter Irena (born 1904) and sons Stefan (1910-1988), who later became an outstanding writer, journalist and filmmaker, and Roman (1900 –1929), a doctor. In 1914, Chaim Mendel was mobilized into the tsarist army – he performed the duties of a military doctor in Wielkie Łuki. In 1919 he returned with his family to Płock. The Themersons lived at 5 Grodzka Street. This is also where Chaim Mendel ran his office as an internal medicine specialist. He was also a doctor of the Local Health Fund.

Chaim Mendel aka Mieczysław Themerson was passionate about literature: he published medical articles and minor literary works in such magazines as: “Ginekologia”, “Zdrowie”, “Goniec Poranny”, “Kurier Codzienny”, “Tygodnik Ilustrowany”, “Rozmaitości Literackie i Naukowe” and “Izraelita”. He was the author of the dramatic works “Tajemnica” (“Secret”), “Trucizna” (“Poison”), “Pleśń” (“Mold”), and “Na fali” (“On the Wave” – staged in Płock in 1903), as well as the novels “Szpieg” (“Spy”) and “Bunt krwi” (“Blood Revolt”). Themerson was also a social activist – co-founder of the Society for Free Care for Poor, Sick Jews. He belonged to the Płock Scientific Society, Płock Rowing Society and the Polish Progressive Press.

Paweł Goldstein

Paweł Goldstein

Paweł Goldstein (1884-1942) – an outstanding surgeon, scientist, one of the pioneers of neurosurgery in Poland, born in 1884 in the family of Kalman Kopel and Temra née Tac. His family lived at 10 Więzienna Street (now 30 Sienkiewicza Street) in Maria Obniska’s tenement house. […]

80th anniversary of the liquidation of the Płock ghetto

80th anniversary of the liquidation of the Płock ghetto

Year 2021 marks the 80th anniversary of the liquidation of the Płock ghetto. The first deportation of Jews from Płock took place on February 21, 1941, the last – on March 1 of this year. In order to commemorate the days when about 10,000 Jews […]

Józef Majer Kunig

Józef Majer Kunig

Józef Majer Kunig (1857-1930) – son of Szyja Lejzer and Ryfka née Majorkiewicz. A graduate of the Governorate Middle High School in Płock and the Imperial University of Warsaw. For many years the director of the Izaak Fogel Jewish hospital. He was a well-known social activist in Płock: during World War I he was active in the Committee for Aid to Jews in Płock, in the 1920s – in the Jewish Charity Society. He was also the president of the Hazomir Association.

Wilhelm and Filip Lubelski

Wilhelm and Filip Lubelski

In 1832 in Płock, in the family of doctor Filip Lubelski and Wilhelmina née Frankenstein, Wilhelm Szymon Lubelski was born – a future psychiatrist, also a social activist, a favorite of Warsaw residents, appreciated for his comprehensive knowledge, sense of humor and erudition. Wilhelm graduated […]

Zygmunt Perkahl

Zygmunt Perkahl

Zygmunt Perkahl (1848-1902) – head and supervisor of the Izaak Fogel Jewish Hospital in Płock, doctor of the Governorate Middle High School, since 1899 president of the Płock Medical Society. He was one of the organizers of the Municipal Resursa in Płock. Zygmunt Perkahl was […]

Dawid Wassercug

Dawid Wassercug

Dawid Wassercug, a doctor of medicine, was born in Włocławek in 1857 as the son of Salomon and Necha née Nirensztejn. He graduated from high school there, then entered the Imperial University of Warsaw. In 1880, while still a student, he wrote a dissertation entitled “About the bladder” for a competition and was awarded a gold medal. After passing the examination with honors, in 1882 he was approved as a doctor. In the same year, after returning from abroad, where he went for research purposes, he was appointed the head obstetrician of Płock. In 1887, at his own request, he was dismissed from the office. During his stay in Płock, he wrote the following works: “Extrophia vesicae urinariae cum epispadiasi”, “Peritoneum monograph”, “A case of an extravasal haematopoiesis complicated by the presence of a clot in the left fallopian tube, diagnosed during life as an extrauterine object”, “What to do with a case of placenta praevia” and “On the effects of cocaine on blood circulation”, which he wrote as a subject for his dissertation for his medical doctor degree. In 1887, he took the position of a senior factory doctor at the Zawiercie Stock Society. He worked there for the next 10 years. At the same time, he devoted his time to literary and scientific work. During his stay in Zawiercie, he wrote two works that were highly appreciated by the critics of the time: “Eye symptoms in disorders of the brain system, and their value in diagnosing the nature of brain diseases” and “On pain and its cognitive value.” Apart from the ones published in print, he also started an extensive work “On Tinnitus” and “On Ovaries”. He also wrote a novel entitled “Szymek”.

Dawid Wassercug had a sharp mind, comprehensive education, constantly worked on self-improvement, had a passion for his profession, great compassion for the suffering and extraordinary tact – these were the qualities that made him work first in Płock and then as a senior factory doctor in Zawiercie, was highly appreciated by the citizens of both towns.

Dawid Wassercug died in 1898. He was buried in Warsaw.

Dawid Wassercug’s wife was Matylda née Ginsberg.

In Płock, he lived with his family at 8 Old Market Square (mortgage no. 10).

Traces of the Jews of Płock – map prepared by students from Płock

Traces of the Jews of Płock – map prepared by students from Płock

As part of the School of Dialogue project, the students of the School of Services and Entrepreneurship in Płock made a map with many locations related to the history of Płock Jews. It is worth adding that the map is an independent work of the […]


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